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Dental hygiene

What is the difference between dental hygiene, professional teeth cleaning and prophylaxis?

Professional teeth cleaning is part of dental hygiene. This includes the removal of plaque and tartar on tooth surfaces above the gum line. Then, interdental spaces are cleaned. A polishing of all tooth surfaces concludes the treatment. This type of teeth cleaning belongs in the competence area of prophylaxis assistants.

Dental hygiene further removes plaque and tartar in periodontal pockets and below the gum line. Only dentists and specialized dental hygienists practice this type of teeth cleaning.

Prophylaxis is the term for all measures that help prevent diseases. This includes daily dental care and hygiene at home as well as regular professional teeth cleaning and dental hygiene.

What is the cost of dental hygiene or professional teeth cleaning?

The costs of dental hygiene and professional teeth cleaning depend on the duration of the procedure and usually amount to 130 to 220 CHF.

If you have good oral hygiene, floss daily, have little discoloration or tartar and get your teeth cleaned regularly, the procedure takes very little time.

However, if you don’t have perfect oral hygiene, floss only sporadically, consume teeth-staining foods like coffee, tea or tobacco and don’t get your teeth cleaned professionally very often or if you have any kind of gum disease/inflammation, the procedure will take longer.

How often is a dental hygiene visit necessary?

Wir empfehlen einmal pro Jahr einen Termin für die professionelle Zahnreinigung in Form einer Dentalhygiene. Je nach Mundhygiene oder Zahngesundheit können aber bis zu vier Termine pro Jahr notwendig sein.

Trotz guter Mundhygiene gibt es Stellen, die in der täglichen Reinigung zuhause schlecht erreicht werden und so die Ablagerung von Belägen und Zahnstein fast nicht zu verhindern ist.

Wenn Ihre Mundhygiene nicht ausreichend ist, Sie zu Zahnsteinbildung oder zu Ablagerungen von Verfärbungen neigen, Ihre Zahnstellung die tägliche Mundhygiene erschwert, Sie unter einer Zahnfleischerkrankung oder Zahnfleischentzündung leiden, dann empfehlen wir zwei bis vier Mal zur Dentalhygiene zu gehen.

How does dental hygiene work and how long does it take?

Plan for an hour for your dental hygiene visit.


This is what happens during a dental hygiene procedure:

  • First, we remove tartar and discoloration above and below the gum line and in periodontal pockets either mechanically or with an ultrasonic scaling instrument.
  • Then, we use a powder blaster (Air-Flow by EMS) to remove soft plaque and remaining discoloration. Often, we also use a small brush head with a course abrasive paste. 
Subsequently we clean interdental spaces with floss or interdental brushes.
  • In a last step, we polish all teeth with a fine-grained abrasive paste until the tooth surfaces gleam.
  • To conclude the treatment, we brush all tooth surfaces with fluoride varnish or gel in order to strengthen the enamel and support prophylaxis.

We recommend that you do not eat or drink for at least an hour after your dental hygiene visit.


We’d gladly advise you on your oral hygiene and daily dental care to acheive the best possible oral hygiene together.

Does dental hygiene carry any risks?

Dental hygiene is considered very low-risk.

If you have a congenital heart (valve) defect, we suggest you discuss with you dentist and your general physician whether antibiotic shielding is necessary. It is possible for bacteria to enter your blood stream through the mucous membranes and cause an infection of the heart valve or inner membrane of the heart. Depending on the type of heart defect or past surgeries it’s necessary to take antibiotics an hour before your visit to the dentist. This will eliminate any bacteria that reaches your blood stream during the procedure.

Please inform your dentist or dental hygienist if you take blood-thinning medications, so they can correctly interpret excessive bleeding during treatment. 

How often should I brush my teeth?

We advise adults to brush their teeth two to three times a day with a toothpaste containing fluoride. Brushing after breakfast, lunch and dinner yields the best results.

You should brush your child’s teeth once a day in the first year, twice a day in the second year and three times a day from their third year on. For children under the age of six we recommend a toothpaste with reduced fluoride-concentration. Children under six don’t always manage spitting out toothpaste after brushing their teeth.

 

Thorough tooth brushing takes about three minutes and should always be done systematically in the same order.

How and how often should I clean between my teeth?

You should clean your interdental spaces daily with floss or an interdental brush.

For this, you don’t need to use toothpaste.

Regular or electric toothbrush – which is more efficient?

Electric toothbrushes are significantly more efficient than regular toothbrushes. There are two types of electric toothbrushes: Oscillating and sonic.
Oscillating toothbrushes clean with a round-headed brush, which rotates circularly. 

Sonic toothbrushes have an oblong brush head and create a high-frequency vibration through an electric transducer. These vibrations transfer to the brush head and loosen plaque as well as flush out interdental spaces.